Biodiversity Conservation Areas
Terrestrial, aquatic, marine or mixed type, natural or semi-natural areas with a recorded presence of natural habitat types and species of international, EU importance and/or Greek interest that require protection and conservation. All national sites belonging to the Natura 2000 Network are included in this category.
Large natural or semi-natural areas, either terrestrial, marine or mixed in nature, wherein large-scale ecological functions take place. They encompass typical species and natural habitats of EU and Greek interest which demand protection and conservation. National parks may be named based on their geographical characteristics and/or according to their historical or administrative identity. They may include two or more Natura 2000 sites and/or biodiversity conservation areas, particularly if they incorporate a wide range of ecosystem functions with common spatial, natural and/or abiotic characteristics.
Natural areas (terrestrial, marine or wetlands) having a particular significance in preserving wildlife populations and which provide habitats for breeding, feeding, resting and overwintering wildlife species. Ecological corridors connecting protected areas can also be designated as Wildlife Refuges.
Protected Landscapes and Natural Formations
Functional elements of nature or individual formations (eg. points or areas of interest), which have special ecological, geological or geomorphological value or which contribute to the preservation of natural processes and the protection of natural resources. They may include trees, tree and shrub stands, protective marine vegetation, riparian and coastal vegetation, hedges, waterfalls, springs, gorges, dunes, reefs, caves, rocks, fossils, paleontological finds, coral formations and geotopes. Protected natural formations with a monumental nature are specifically designated as Protected Natural Monuments. Individual areas within National Parks, Biodiversity Conservation Areas and/or Wildlife Refuges can be characterized Protected Natural Formations and can be included in the scalable protection zoning of these areas.
Finally, certain protected areas were designated as National Forests, Aesthetic Forests, Preserved Monuments of Nature, Controlled Hunting Areas and Game Farms, according to older legislation stemming from the Forest Code and the wider forestry framework.